cyber security - a new layer of protection
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Cyber Security – A New Layer of Protection

With the internet being an open and free source, people from all sections of society have access to it. Everyone from an individual to a multi-national company uses it. This increases the chances of it being used maliciously. A cyberattack is a practice of using the information and data stored on the network in an unauthorized way. Cyber security is the technologies and processes that prevent cyber-attack. In this blog, we will get deep into cyber-security and its importance.

 

What is cyber security?

Also referred to as information technology security or electronic information security, cyber-security is a practice of preventing data from getting breached. Every organization and individual need to have good cyber-security.

 It is further divided into several other categories:

  • Network security: to protect or secure a computer network.
  • Application security: providing security to software and devices.
  • Information security: focuses on maintaining the integrity of data stored.
  • Operational security: controls the permissions users have while accessing.
  • End-user education: aims to educate the people about the importance of cyber-security.

 

Types of cyber-attack

The scale of data breaching or cyber-attack is expanding at a rapid pace. Reports project that cyber-attacks have increased by 17 percent in 2021. Below, we have discussed some common types of cyber-attacks.

Malware: 

Malicious + Software = Malware. In this type of cyber-attack, hackers create an application to steal the user’s data. He/She does this by spying on his device to obtain valuable data like credentials. In short, the main purpose of this software is to create disturbances.

Phishing:

It is a fraudulent act of stealing the user’s personal and confidential information such as passwords and bank details. The attacker pretends to be from a trustworthy organization. He/She convinces the user to share his sensitive information, thus causing a cyber-harm. This is the easiest and surprisingly, the most effective way to trick the user.

Man-in-the-middle attack (MITM): 

This type of attack is used to steal information from the user’s device. But with change in time, the user’s data is protected from being tampered with as nowadays, chats are end-to-end encrypted.

Zero-day exploit:

In this type of attack, a hacker usually finds a default in the software application which is used by many organizations. He/She targets them before a fix is available. It is called a zero-day exploit as the developer is left with no time to fix the patch.

Eavesdropping attack: 

Here, the cyber-criminals try to access the data being sent over the unsecured network. To prevent eavesdropping attacks, it is advisable to use a secured and encrypted network. An unsecured network acts as an open-source for the hacker to intercept the data.

 

How to ensure your cyber safety?

In this fight against cybercriminals, below are some tips to protect your privacy and data while being on the internet:

Use strong passwords:  

It is advisable to use strong and complex passwords with a minimum of 8 characters, consisting of letters, sols, and numbers. Change the passwords regularly to lessen the risk of cyber-attacks.

E-Mail attachments:

Do not open email attachments received from an unknown user as they might hamper your data and files.

Keep your system updated: 

As discussed above, cybercriminals use flaws in the software to access your data. Updating your system, as and when an update is available will help you gain the benefits of the latest security patches. Hence, the risk of cyber threats will eliminate.

Do not use unsecured Wi-Fi networks:

Use VPN while using a public place’s unsecured network or you might end up being a victim of eavesdropping or a man-in-the-middle attack.

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